climate change

climate change

Climate Change and Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Mosquitoes can be a major annoyance during warmer months in Vermont and can occasionally transmit serious diseases. West Nile Virus (WNV) has been detected in every county of Vermont and typically infects three or fewer Vermonters each year. Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) has also been detected in Vermont and caused two deaths in Rutland County in 2011.

Climate change is expected to affect mosquito-borne diseases in two ways:

Climate Change and Tickborne Diseases

The spread of tickborne diseases to humans, including Lyme disease and anaplasmosis, has been increasing in Vermont and many other northern states. While reports of Lyme disease in Vermont used to be rare in the early 1990s, it is now common to see over 400 confirmed cases reported in a year. Anaplasmosis has become an increasingly common tickborne disease in Vermont as well. "Be Tick Smart" and learn about tickborne diseases in Vermont and how to prevent tick bites. 

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