Drinking Water

Drinking Water

Test Your Tap

The Private Drinking Water Program helps Vermonters with questions about drinking water quality and human health.

About three out of 10 Vermont households drink water from private wells or springs. If you are on private water, you are responsible for testing the quality of your drinking water and maintaining your well or spring. 

Public water treatment systems are regulated by the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation. Learn more about public drinking water

The private wells and springs that supply your drinking water are susceptible to contaminants that could affect your health – bacteria and viruses from septic waste and disposal, naturally occurring chemicals like arsenic and manganese, petroleum products, pesticides and radiation. Search an A-Z list of drinking water contaminants

You do not know what is in your water until you test it. The Health Department recommends testing your private well or spring for bacteria, inorganic chemicals and gross alpha radiation. Learn more about testing your water

If you have high levels of contaminants in your drinking water, you can choose to install a water treatment system to lower or remove them. Find out about water treatment options

Contact the Private Drinking Water Program if you have questions:

order drinking water test kits

In This Section

Learn how to make sure your well or spring is properly constructed and maintained to help keep your drinking water safe from contaminants. Find information and requirements for real estate transactions and rental properties.

Public drinking water systems are regulated by the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation. However, the Health Department recommends testing your water for lead. Learn more about testing for lead and other public drinking water concerns.

If you get your drinking water from a private well or spring, you should have it tested on a regular basis so you can protect your family's health. Find out what you should test your drinking water for and how often.

If your drinking water test results show your water is contaminated, you’ll need to treat your water. Find out which drinking water treatment system will work best for your home.

Water contaminated with bacteria can make you sick. Learn how to disinfect your water before using it for drinking or cooking.

Vermont law requires water to be tested when a new groundwater drinking source is installed for single-family residences. Find out what you need to do.

Drought can cause groundwater levels to lower and could cause your drinking water source to run dry. Learn what you can do to manage your water supply during drought.

Any flood or major rainstorm that generates significant runoff could contaminate your water supply making it unsafe to drink. Find out what you need to do.