During the summer months, mosquitoes are regularly monitored at sites around the state for mosquito-borne diseases. Each week, mosquitoes are collected at various locations by the Vermont Agency of Agriculture. These collections of mosquitoes are tested for arborviruses - mosquito-borne viruses - that may affect Vermonters, such as West Nile Virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis. The Health Department summarizes mosquito testing results and reports of human and animal illnesses every week during the summer and early fall, and compiles data each year in an annual surveillance report.
2022 Surveillance for Viruses Spread by Mosquitoes
- Lines represent historic (2002–2021) average percentage of mosquito pools positive for WNV (solid line) and EEE (dotted line).
- Bars show the percentage of mosquito pools positive in the current year.
- Historically, the percentage of mosquito pools positive for an arbovirus increases in late August and peaks in mid-September.
Mosquito Surveillance Results
|Collection week||# of Mosquito Pools* Tested||# of EEE Positive Pools||# of WNV Positive Pools||% WNV Positive Pools|
|Results Pending||Results Pending||Results Pending||Results Pending||Results Pending|
*A mosquito pool is a group of 1-50 mosquitoes of the same species, collected at the same trap location, on the same date.
- No animal cases of WNV or EEE were reported in 2021.
- One human case of WNV was reported in Chittenden County in 2021.
- No human cases of EEE were reported in 2021.
Aedes albopictus Surveillance
- The Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger) mosquito can carry and transmit Zika, dengue, and other arboviruses. It has an estimated geographic range that includes southern Vermont.
- Aedes albopictus mosquito eggs were found at one site in Windham County in 2019 among 35 targeted trapping sites in Vermont.
- Aedes albopictus mosquito eggs were found at one site in Windham County and one site in Rutland County in 2020 among 18 targeted trapping sites in Vermont.
Annual Surveillance Reports
- 2021 Arbovirus Surveillance Report
- 2020 Arbovirus Surveillance Report
- 2019 Arbovirus Surveillance Report
- 2018 Arbovirus Surveillance Report
- 2017 Arbovirus Surveillance Report