In April 2019, a new Vermont law passed requiring testing of new groundwater resources for single-family residences. The requirement is in the Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) Wastewater System and Potable Water Supply Rules (see the Water Quality section on page 194). Note that the Rules also talk about other situations when a groundwater drinking water source serving a single-family residence or other building must be tested.
Copper is an essential nutrient for the human body and is found in some foods. It is also a metal commonly used in home plumbing systems and can get into drinking water. However, too much copper in the body can cause health effects.
Hydrogen sulfide gas can occur in wells anywhere in Vermont and gives the water a characteristic "rotten egg" taste or smell. Hydrogen sulfide gas or sulfur bacteria in your water can cause other problems:
Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas. Radon may be present in both soil and water. Soil is the most common source of radon in your home. Well water that contains radon may increase the level of radon in a home. Activities—like taking showers, doing laundry, or running the dishwasher—can release radon into the air.
Arsenic is a natural element found in some rocks and soils in Vermont and may get into groundwater.
Dry cleaners use chemicals to clean clothes and other fabrics. When these chemicals are breathed in, they can be harmful to your health. They can remain in the environment for decades.
There are many chemicals in our environment. Some of them are in products we all use—including children’s products.
How are we doing at promoting policies that ensure Vermonters can grow up, live and work in a healthy environment?
Manufacturers who use chemicals designated by the State of Vermont as Chemicals of High Concern to Children, must report information about these chemicals to the Health Department.
The Vermont Department of Health worked with the Department of Environmental Conservation to respond to health concerns related to detection of the chemical PFOA in private drinking water wells in Bennington and North Bennington.