Climate Change and Mental Health

Climate Change and Mental Health


Climate change is having widespread impacts on buildings and infrastructure, agriculture and other weather-dependent businesses, the quality of the environment, recreational opportunities, and physical health. Because all of these impacts affect individual and community quality-of-life, it should not be surprising that climate change is also resulting in stress, anxiety, depression, and other mental, emotional, and social impacts.

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How does climate change affect mental health?

Climate change affects mental health in a number of ways.

Fear and Uncertainty About Climate Change
The current risks posed by climate change, along with the fear and uncertainty about what climate change may bring in the future, can lead to stress and anxiety. Climate change is already affecting businesses, communities, and individuals, and it is challenging to predict how these effects might change in the future. The scope of the problem can feel overwhelming, while the ability to individually influence it can feel daunting.

Distress Caused by Environmental Changes
Environmental degradation caused by climate change can result in a feeling of loss or grief, especially for people with emotional connections to and personal memories of their local environment. For example, a lack of snow and ice cover in winter, or the presence of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) on Lake Champlain, can be depressing for those with nostalgic memories of earlier, more pristine versions of these environments.

Disruptions to Businesses and Hobbies
Tropical Storm Irene resulted in over $10 million in crop losses for Vermont farmers, while Vermont ski resorts suffered from an extremely warm winter in 2015 – 2016. These types of impacts affect not only personal finances but also a way of life. In the same way, skiers, gardeners, hikers, swimmers, and other outdoor recreationalists are being affected by abnormal weather patterns and new risks including ticks and cyanobacteria (blue-green algae).

Trauma Related to Flooding and Other Disasters
Those affected by disasters often experience traumatic stress during the event, post-traumatic stress following the event, and grief or depression over losses that occurred as a result of the disaster. These conditions were commonly reported around Vermont as a result of the loss of life, injuries, property and business damage, and environmental damage that occurred during Tropical Storm Irene.

Impacts Associated with Physical Health Problems
Climate change is increasing risks for heat stress, infectious diseases, and seasonal allergic reactions. People affected by these conditions also often suffer from stress and depression related to feeling unwell, needing to undergo treatment, or having to reduce participation in typical daily activities.

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What can I do to cope with the stress of climate change?

Here are some ways you can cope with the impact climate change has or will have on your life:

Are there any resources for farmers?

Farmers can contact the Agency of Agriculture’s Farm First Program to learn about coping services and resources specifically for farmers.