Asbestos Hazardous Emergency Response Act (AHERA) for Schools

The Asbestos Hazardous Emergency Response Act (AHERA) was established by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to protect students, educators and staff from encountering asbestos in schools. The AHERA regulations require schools to perform asbestos inspections, maintain an asbestos management plan, and provide asbestos-awareness training for custodial and building services staff.

What is Asbestos?

Asbestos is a mineral fiber that has been used in building construction materials for insulation and as a fire retardant. If these materials are disturbed or damaged in any way, asbestos fibers can be released into the air and breathed in. Breathing in asbestos fibers increases the risk of developing health effects—such as lung cancer, mesothelioma and asbestosis. Learn more about asbestos and the health effects from exposure to asbestos fibers.

Asbestos Hazardous Emergency Response Act (AHERA) Regulations

The EPA has specific regulations regarding the handling of asbestos-containing materials in schools. The AHERA was established by the EPA to require public school districts and non-profit schools to:

  • Perform an inspection to determine whether asbestos-containing materials are present and then re-inspect any asbestos-containing materials in each school every three years
  • Develop, maintain and update an asbestos management plan and keep a copy at the school
  • Train custodial staff on asbestos awareness
  • Notify parents, teachers and employee organizations yearly on the availability of the school's asbestos management plan and any asbestos-related actions taken or planned in the school
  • Designate a contact person to ensure the responsibilities of the school or school district are properly implemented
  • Perform periodic inspections of known or suspected asbestos-containing materials
  • Ensure that trained and licensed professionals perform inspections and take response actions

More information on AHERA regulations:

Development and Implementation of an AHERA Management Plan

Public and non-profit schools are required to develop, maintain and update asbestos management plans and to keep a copy at each individual school. These plans are required to document the recommended asbestos response actions, the location of asbestos within the school, and any action taken to repair and remove the material.

Parents, teachers and school employees have the right to review the school’s asbestos management plan. Schools are required to notify parent teacher organizations once a year about the availability of the school’s asbestos management plan and any asbestos-related activities taking place within the school.

More information about the development and implementation of an AHERA Management Plan:

Maintaining a Healthy School Environment During Building Renovations

Asbestos may be a health risk if it is damaged or disturbed during building renovations or demolition. It is important to contain and handle asbestos and remove it appropriately to avoid coming in contact with airborne asbestos fibers.

The Health Department and EPA have specific asbestos-related requirements for school maintenance, repair, renovation and demolition. These requirements ensure that asbestos-containing materials are handled safely during renovations to prevent health risks.

Before maintenance, repairs, renovation or demolition, contact the school’s AHERA-designated person to review the school’s management plan and contract for asbestos professional services.

Vermont-licensed contractors must perform all asbestos-related services in schools. Licensed asbestos contractors are trained to prevent health risks during renovation or demolition.

More information about maintaining a healthy school environment during building renovations:

AHERA Compliance Assistance Resources for the AHERA-Designated Person

Call the Asbestos and Lead Regulatory Program to get a copy of these resources at 802-863-7220 or 800-439-8550 (toll-free in Vermont).

For more information, contact: