Radiological Health

Radiological Health

The Radiological Health Program works to protect the public and the environment from unnecessary exposure to radiation and radioactive substances. The program is involved in the decommissioning of Vermont Yankee, a recently shut down nuclear power plant in Vernon. The program also:

  • inspects radioactive materials and x-ray instrument use and security
  • provides licenses to users of radioactive materials
  • provides registrations to x-ray facilities
  • manages the statewide radiological and nuclear emergency response and recovery program
  • conducts radiological environmental sampling in coordination with the Health Department Laboratory
  • works with the Department of Public Safety and State emergency preparedness teams to prevent and respond to radiological or nuclear incidents

Radiological Emergencies

Radiological health staff are equipped and trained to protect public health in any radiological or nuclear emergency and to support other State agencies during emergencies. The State’s Preventive Radiological Nuclear Detection Program prepares law enforcement and the Vermont Hazardous Materials Response Team (VHMRT) to identify and secure illegal or improper uses of radioactive materials. Learn more about radiological emergency preparedness

For radiological emergencies, call the Vermont Emergency Management Watch Officer at 800-347-0488. This number is staffed 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The Watch Officer will contact the Radiological Health Program so they can respond as appropriate.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission Agreement State

On October 1, 2019, the State of Vermont will enter into an agreement with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to take over the jurisdiction for the regulation of most radioactive materials possession, usage and storage. On that date, most people who possess and use radioactive materials in Vermont will become licensees of the State of Vermont. However, Vermont Yankee will remain in the jurisdiction of the NRC.

Learn more about the NRC's Agreement State Program

Other Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) and Radiations

Radiological Health staff provide guidance to Vermonters on non-ionizing radiation and electromagnetic fields (EMFs) such as those from electric power transmission lines, radiofrequency radiation from wireless devices (like smart meters and cell phones), ultraviolet radiation and lasers.

Contact Information

Radiological Health Program
802-863-7220 or
800-439-8550 (toll-free in Vermont)
Fax: 802-865-7745

[email protected]

In This Section

Radiation is a form of energy that is present all around us. There are different types of radiation. All may cause us harm with strong exposures.

Vermont works diligently to prevent radiological incidents and to be prepared for radiological and nuclear emergencies.

Radioactive materials give off a form of energy that travels in waves or particles called radiation. When a person comes in contact with radiation, the energy gets into the body.

The Radiological Health Program evaluates and manages the actual and potential public health impacts on Vermonters from activities at the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station in Vernon, VT.

X-ray instruments are insepected regularly, and x-ray facilities are licensed to protect the public from unnecessary exposure to radiation.

As of October 1, 2019, most licenses to possess, use, store or transfer most radioactive materials are the jurisdiction of the Vermont Department of Health by way of an agreement between the State of Vermont and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.