Asbestos & Lead in Buildings

Person inspecting a home

Some buildings contain hazardous materials. Asbestos and lead are common building materials that may cause harmful health effects.

The Asbestos and Lead Regulatory Program works to protect Vermonters from exposure to asbestos and lead when maintaining, renovating, or demolishing buildings and when cleaning up after a fire, flooding, or storm damage. We strive to prevent unnecessary exposure of the public to asbestos and lead in workplaces, buildings, and housing associated with asbestos or lead abatement activity.

Through our outreach activities we educate the public to encourage voluntary compliance with state and federal asbestos and lead laws. Through our enforcement and compliance inspection processes, we conduct random or for-cause inspections of maintenance, renovation, abatement, and demolition projects to ensure compliance with applicable regulations. Our goal is to carry out our mission efficiently, effectively, fairly, and professionally with respect and dedication to all Vermonters.

If you will be performing maintenance, repairs, renovation, or demolition on a building, there are specific state regulations to follow when working with asbestos or lead-based paint. In this section, you will find information on asbestos and lead regulatory requirements for:

  • Building Professionals
  • Building Owners, Property Owners, and Homeowners
  • Municipal Officials
  • Real Estate Professionals
  • Child Care Providers
  • Parents
  • Schools
Contact Information

Asbestos and Lead Regulatory Program 
108 Cherry St., PO Box 70
Burlington, VT 05402
Phone: 802-863-7220 or
800-439-8550 (toll-free within VT)
Fax: 802-863-7483


In This Section

Asbestos is a mineral fiber that has been used in building construction materials for insulation and as a fire retardant.

Lead is a highly toxic metal. It was commonly used in paint in buildings built before 1978 as well as in other household, industrial, and automobile products.

The Health Department and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have specific asbestos-related requirements for renovating and demolishing buildings and structures.

Regulated asbestos abatement activities must be performed by professionals—trained, certified, and licensed asbestos abatement individual contractors or certified asbestos abatement contractor entities.


If you are planning to renovate or demolish a building or structure, an asbestos inspection is required by the Vermont Regulation for Asbestos Control.

The Health Department and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have specific lead-based paint requirements for the maintenance and renovation of buildings and structures built prior to 1978.

Regulated Essential Maintenance Practices (EMPs) or lead abatement activities must be performed by certified professionals.

If you are maintaining or renovating a building or structure that was built before 1978, lead-safe work practices are required by the Vermont Lead Law and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

The Vermont Lead Law—passed in 1996 and updated in 2008—requires landlords of older buildings and child care facility owners to help prevent children from being exposed to lead.