Influenza (Flu)

Influenza (Flu)

Child receiving flu vaccine

Influenza, commonly called “the flu”, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by a virus that affects the nose, throat and lungs. Influenza spreads from person to person when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Unlike the common cold, the flu can cause serious illness and can be life-threatening. Each year, influenza is estimated to be responsible for at least 9 million cases of disease, 140,000 hospitalizations, and 12,000 deaths.

In addition to getting your flu shot, simple everyday actions can help stop flu in its tracks - wash your hands, cover your cough, and stay home if you're sick. Find out what's happening now with flu in Vermont

In This Section

Everyone six months and older should get a flu shot every flu season. Getting the flu shot helps protect you, your family and your community. Get information about the vaccine, where to get vaccinated, and information on the effectiveness of the flu vaccine.

In this section you will find information about symptoms and treatment of the flu, and how to know if you're sick with a cold or the flu.

Find guidance on the use of rapid flu tests, antiviral medication, infection control and how to report flu to the Health Department. 

Find weekly flu surveillance reports, track the geographic spread of flu, see surveillance data of influenza-like illness, and learn about laboratory testing.

In this section you will find information that describes pandemic flu, and outlines how to prevent the spread of the virus and how to prepare for a pandemic.

If your long-term care facility, school, childcare facility or other institution is currently experiencing an outbreak or if you are looking for information to include in an outbreak plan, this section will provide guidance.