Opioids: What you need to know:
Prescription opioid pain medications are a growing problem—both in Vermont and nationwide. In 2017 alone, around 769,000 teens (12–17) said they misused opioids and over 72,000 people died from opioid misuse in the U.S. That’s one death every 11 minutes. So, what can you do to protect yourself and others? There are four main things to remember when you have an opioid prescription.
how to reduce your risk for addiction and overdose
- Even a small amount of alcohol can increase your risk of overdose
- Opioids and alcohol are both depressants that slow your breathing, which can prevent oxygen from reaching organs like your lungs, heart, and brain
- Mixing with alcohol can cause the rapid release and absorption of dangerous and potentially fatal amounts of opioids into your system
- Addiction can happen in as few as 5 consecutive days of use
- Prescriptions for over 7 days are rarely needed, as opioids are not meant for long-term pain and taking more than you need builds up a tolerance in your body
- The Centers for Disease Control advises that prescription opioids should only be taken for 3 days or less for acute pain, such as pain from surgery
- A dose that is safe for you does not mean it is safe for others
- Prescription doses are based on a variety of personal factors, such as history of substance use, tolerance, and other health information
- 53% of people who misused prescription pain relievers got them from a friend or relative
- Nearly 70% of prescription opioids kept in homes with children are not stored safely
- People who misuse prescription medications often got pills from a friend's or relative's medicine cabinet
- Keep opioids out of reach in a locked or well-hidden place
Your Opioid Questions Answered
Opioids are a class of drugs, including illegal opioids (heroin) and legal prescription opioids (e.g., OxyContin®). Prescription opioids are most commonly used to manage things like chronic pain, muscle pain, and pain from surgery. Some common opioids are:
Prescription opioids are very powerful and can be potentially dangerous, even when taken as directed. Always ask your doctor about the minimum dosage and duration needed for your injury to reduce your risk of addiction, side effects, accidental overdose, and re-injury.
Opioids are prescribed to manage pain, but they aren’t designed to heal your injury. Because prescription opioids can mask your pain, returning to normal activities too quickly can lead to re-injury or delay your progress.
Opioids affect different people in different ways, but they are highly addictive. Withdrawal symptoms can develop in as little as a few days, and the likelihood of addiction increases after just one refill. If your doctor prescribes opioids for your pain, always ask them about your risk of dependency, number of refills needed, and other risks.
Always ask your doctor if other pain management approaches might be a better fit for your recovery. Studies show that in some cases alternative treatment options lead to a bigger reduction in long term-pain intensity. There are a number of pain management options other than opioids, such as:
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol®)
- Ibuprofen (Advil®)
- Physical therapy
- Acupuncture and massage
EVERYONE IS AT RISK FOR OPIOID ADDICTION
Even if you’ve never had a personal or family history of substance misuse, you can still be at risk for prescription opioid addiction.
Prescription opioids can rewire brain chemistry, making anyone susceptible to addiction. Stay safe, learn how to properly use a prescription and spot the signs of addiction early.
KNOW THE SIGNS OF OPIOID USE DISORDER
The signs of opioid use disorder are easy to overlook. If you or a loved one have an opioid prescription, be on the lookout for any of these symptoms to make sure you stay safe:
- Acting more irritable or moody than normal
- Changes in your sleep pattern, including sleeplessness
- Changes in your daily routine, like not working out at your regular time
- Taking your prescription when you are not in pain, just in case
- Isolating yourself—canceling plans with family and friends, not responding to texts and even missing work
- Experiencing cravings and watching the clock until you can take your next pill
- Escalating use by taking more pills than your regular dose calls for
Real People, Real Stories
It only takes a little to lose a lot. Listen to these real-life stories of opioid misuse.