Asbestos and Lead Information for Renters

Asbestos and lead pose health risks, and they may be found in buildings and other structures. Because of this, the Health Department and the Environmental Protection Agency have specific requirements for the maintenance, renovation and demolition of buildings and other structures.

Asbestos-containing materials (ACMs) are only dangerous when they are disturbed or handled incorrectly. If ACMs are not handled properly, asbestos particles can be breathed in. Even a small amount of ACM can cause health effects.  

Lead-based paint becomes a hazard when it is disturbed. This can be from chipping and peeling paint, when painted surfaces rub together, or when the paint is not properly sanded, scraped or burned. If lead-based paint is not handled properly, lead dust can be breathed in or swallowed by workers and by people, especially children, who use the building or other structure.

Learn more about the hazards and health effects of lead and asbestos

What are my landlord's responsibilities related to asbestos and lead?

ASBESTOS

By law, your landlord is required to do the following:

  • Before a renovation, an inspection must be done to identify possible asbestos-containing materials.
  • Hire a Vermont-licensed asbestos inspector to conduct the inspection.
  • Hire a Vermont-licensed abatement contractor for any asbestos repair or abatement.

LEAD

By law, your landlord is required to do the following:

  • Give you a copy of the Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home booklet and a copy of the most recent Essential Maintenance Practices (EMPs) compliance statement before your lease starts.
  • Post a notice with contact information in a place that is easily seen by you and other tenants.
  • Perform EMPs and file an EMP compliance statement every year.
  • Give you a copy of the EMP compliance statement every year.
  • Be EMP- and RRP- (Renovation, Repair and Painting) certified, depending on the work required, or hire certified contractors when work needs to be done on painted or coated surfaces.

Learn more about the Vermont Lead Law for rental properties

What are safe work practices for asbestos and lead?

ASBESTOS

Under Vermont law, only licensed contractors are allowed to perform asbestos abatement activities and must follow the regulations regarding the handling and disposing of asbestos-containing materials.

LEAD

Under Vermont law, contractors and landlords are required to use lead-safe work practices.

Learn more about the Vermont Lead Law for rental properties

How can I report an asbestos-related or lead-related complaint?
How can I test for asbestos or lead hazards?

ASBESTOS

If you want to know whether there are asbestos-containing materials in a home, building, structure or material, hire a Vermont-licensed asbestos inspector to conduct an inspection.

LEAD

Lead-Based Paint

If you want to know whether lead-based paint is on a home, building or other structure, hire a Vermont-certified lead inspector or risk assessor to conduct a lead inspection or risk assessment. A lead inspection determines the presence or absence of lead-based paint on painted or coated surfaces. A risk assessment identifies lead hazards from deteriorated paint, dust and bare soil, and ways to control the lead hazards.

Drinking Water

Test kits for lead in drinking water can be purchased from the Health Department Laboratory. Find out more about testing for lead in drinking water

Where can I learn more about lead hazards and preventing lead poisoning?

More information

Vermont Regulations for Asbestos Control
Vermont Regulations for Lead Control

Questions?

Asbestos & Lead Regulatory Program
108 Cherry St., PO Box 70
Burlington, VT 05402
Phone: 802-863-7220 or
800-439-8550 (toll-free within VT)
Fax: 802-863-7483

AHS.VDHALRPGeneral@vermont.gov