Other Reportable Diseases

Disease reporting is an important function to monitor the status of the public’s health. There are many infectious diseases which, by law, must be reported by healthcare providers and laboratories to the Department of Health. Disease reporting allows public health officials to perform surveillance – the collection, analysis, and distribution of data about illness and death.

This page contains information regarding infectious diseases that are new or emerging, are not commonly seen in Vermont, or are no longer a serious threat to Vermonters because of vaccination and prevention methods. Although some of these diseases may not be common in Vermont, surveillance data continues to be collected to track disease trends.

In This Section

Pneumococcal disease is caused by a bacterium known as Streptococcus pneumoniae, also called pneumococcus, one of the most common causes of severe pneumonia.

Group A streptococcal (strep) infections are caused by a type of bacteria responsible for a range of health problems: strep throat, scarlet fever, impetigo (a skin infection) and necrotizing fasciitis. 

Because of the risk of pregnant mothers giving the infection to their babies during childbirth, the Health Department recommends that all women be tested for group B strep at 35 to 37 weeks pregnant.

Chickenpox is a contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Shingles, also known as zoster or herpes zoster, is a painful skin rash caused by the same virus. There are vaccines for both.