In the United States, routine vaccines are recommended to prevent a number of serious or even deadly diseases. To prevent a child from getting any of the diseases for which vaccine protection is available, children should begin receiving vaccines within the first few months of life.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) provides advice and guidance to the Director of CDC regarding immunization recommendations. ACIP collaborates with non-voting liaison representatives including, the American Academy of Pediatricians and the American Academy of Family Physicians.
An immunization schedule identifies recommended vaccinations and includes the timing of all doses. The recommended immunization schedule is based on extensive research and has been developed to protect children from diseases at the earliest time that vaccines are safe and effective.
In order to ensure all children and teens are fully immunized, the Vermont Immunization Program makes all recommended vaccines available to primary care providers (pediatricians, family medicine) at no charge. The cost to receive a vaccine is usually fully covered by health insurance, but there may be an administration charge. Those lacking health insurance or access to a provider may receive vaccines at no-cost through the Health Department Local Offices.