Healthy Homes

Gardener in front of a home

We spend about 90% of our time indoors, and a lot that time is spent at home. The condition of our home and environmental hazards within the home can affect our health and safety. Safe and healthy living conditions help prevent disease and injury, support mental health and well-being, and promote positive social connections with the community.

The keys to a healthy home are:

  1. Keep it Well-Ventilated so fresh air circulates and there are no dangerous fumes.
  2. Keep it Dry so mold doesn’t grow.
  3. Keep it Clean, clutter- and dust-free. Practice lead-safe cleaning.
  4. Keep it Safe so injuries are prevented, children are kept out of harm’s way, and your drinking water is contaminant-free.
  5. Keep it Maintained so there are no structural or physical problems with the housing. Follow Vermont law relating to asbestos and lead when renovating your home.
  6. Keep it Environmentally Sustainable through weatherization and energy efficiency.
  7. Keep it Free of Pests without using dangerous chemicals or pesticides.
  8. Keep it Free of Toxins, especially lead. Minimize the amount of chemicals used in household cleaners and pesticides.
  9. Keep it Free of Dangerous Gases, especially radon, carbon monoxide, and tobacco smoke.
Contact Information

Healthy Homes Lead Poisoning Prevention Program
802-863-7220 or
800-439-8550 (toll-free in Vermont)
Fax: 802-863-7483

Want to learn more? Check out our Healthy Homes video playlist.

In This Section

Lead poisoning can be prevented when homeowners and tenants know how to reduce or eliminate exposure to lead dust, deteriorated (chipping or peeling) lead-based paint, and lead-contaminated soil.

One in eight Vermont homes has unsafe levels of radon. Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that has no color, smell, or taste.

Thinking about renovating your home? If you are a do-it-yourselfer or hiring a professional, there are some health precautions you should know about before you begin a renovation project.

National studies have shown that air pollution in our homes can be more of a health concern than air pollution outside.

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless gas. It is produced when liquid, solid, or gas fuel is burned. It is sometimes confused with carbon dioxide (CO2).

Mold and mildew are general terms used to describe kinds of fungus. Mold needs moisture to grow. Due to Vermont’s humid climate, mold is commonly found in homes.

Pests in and around our homes can be a nuisance. Pests include insects (e.g. cockroaches, bed bugs, wasps, and garden bugs), rodents (e.g. mice and rats), and weeds.

Injuries, accidents, and poisonings are common in homes. Taking the following precautions can help prevent them from happening in your home and help to keep yourself and your family safe.