Influenza

Child receiving flu vaccine

Stay Healthy, Prevent Flu

Influenza, commonly called “the flu”, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by a virus that affects the nose, throat and lungs. Influenza spreads from person to person when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Unlike the common cold, the flu can cause serious illness and can be life-threatening. Each year, influenza is responsible for more than 9 million cases of disease, 140,000 hospitalizations, and 12,000 deaths.

Read the Vermont weekly influenza surveillance report

It can take two weeks for the flu shot to be fully effective.

Don't wait – get your flu shot!

In This Section

Get information about the flu vaccine, where to get vaccinated, and information on the effectiveness of the flu vaccine.

In this section you will find information about symptoms and treatment of the flu, and how to know if you're sick with a cold or the flu.

Find guidance on the use of rapid flu tests, antiviral medication, infection control and how to report flu to the Health Department. 

Find weekly flu surveillance reports, track the geographic spread of flu, see surveillance data of influenze-like illness, and learn about laboratory testing.

In this section you will find information that describes pandemic flu, and outlines how to prevent the spread of the virus and how to prepare for a pandemic.