Marijuana is derived from the “Cannabis sativa” or hemp plant. Its main active ingredient, delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, binds to cannabinoid receptors in the brain, causing a user’s “high.” The THC content of marijuana has steadily increased over the past 30 years, thereby also increasing its potency.
Compared to other states, Vermont has the second highest prevalence of past 30 day marijuana use among 12-17 year olds.
- Data Briefs
- 2015 Vermont Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)
- Vermont Young Adult Survey
- National Survey on Drug Use and Health
Public Health Impact
Health Impact Assessment
- Marijuana Regulation in Vermont - Full report (Jan. 2016)
After alcohol, THC is the most commonly found substance in the blood
of impaired drivers, fatally injured drivers, and crash victims.
Development of the brain continues through adolescence and young adulthood, making adolescents particularly susceptible to the negative effects of marijuana.
Data from three long term studies consistently showed lower educational achievement as a negative impact of adolescent marijuana use.
Decline in IQ Points
A recent National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) funded review of scientific literature on adolescent marijuana use suggests that earlier use is associated with poorer attention span and reduced IQ.
Considering Marijuana Legalization: Insights for Vermont
2015 RAND Corporation report outlines options and issues regarding marijuana legalization in Vermont.
- Health Effects of Marijuana Use Among Vermont School-Aged Youth
- Marijuana Fact Sheet (NASADAD)
- Marijuana Use and Educational Outcomes (NIDA)
Resources and References
You can help prevent your child from using alcohol and drugs. With tools and resources, we help parents talk to their children.
- Medical Marijuana
Vermont Department of Public Safety
- Marijuana's Effects on the Brain, Body & Behavior
Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse
- Drug Facts: Marijuana
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
- Public Health Consequences of Marijuana Legalization
Office of National Drug Control Policy
- Drug Guide: Marijuana
Partnership for Drug-Free Kids