Food & Waterborne Diseases

woman cooking foodborne waterborne

Diseases spread through contaminated food and water can have a significant effect on the health of communities. These diseases are often serious, can be life-threatening, and regularly make many people sick in outbreaks. Some of these diseases can also be spread from one person to another, or from animals to people.

The Foodborne and Waterborne Disease Program is responsible for tracking and investigating outbreaks and preventing the spread of these diseases. As part of these efforts, the program collaborates with other parts of Vermont state government, other state health departments and federal health partners.

In This Section

There are three main types of botulism: foodborne, intestinal and wound.

Campylobacteriosis is an illness caused by bacteria called Campylobacter.

Cryptosporidiosis is an illness caused by a parasite called Cryptosporidium.

Escherchia coli (E. coli) are bacteria that live in the environment and in the gastrointestinal system of humans and animals.

People typically get sick with listeriosis by eating food that is contaminated with the bacteria.

Norovirus is a highly contagious virus that causes gastrointestinal illness in humans.

Salmonellosis is the second most commonly reported foodborne disease in Vermont.

Shigellosis is an illness caused by bacteria called Shigella.  

Vibriosis is an illness caused by bacteria called Vibrio.