Infant Formula Supply

The nation’s supply of infant formula is recovering after the February 2022 recall of certain Abbott Nutrition products. Retail stores around Vermont are stocking a variety of infant formula and the market is showing signs of recovery due to increased production by formula manufacturers and FDA approvals for imported formulas. 

See details about formula recall

Important Safety Information

The Health Department, including the WIC Program and local health offices, is working to support families in keeping babies well-fed with breastfeeding support and providing information for families who have questions about formula. The following recommendations were developed in collaboration with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) - Vermont Chapter, and will help families safely feed their babies:   

  • Don’t water down infant formula

  • Never make homemade baby formula.  

  • Do not substitute cow's milk, goat’s milk, or plant-based milk for infant formula.  

  • For most babies, it is OK to switch from one milk-based or soy-based brand to another, including store brands. For babies that need specialized formulas, talk with your child’s pediatrician. 

  • If your child is older than 6 months and is usually on regular formula (not a specialty product for allergies or other special health needs), cow’s milk can be used – but only for a brief period of time and should not become routine. Talk with your child's pediatrician for more information.

  • People can also look to online retailers of infant formula. It is very important to ensure they are legitimate and safe sources. Scam sites can result in products dangerous to the baby. Only order from well-recognized distributors and pharmacies. You can check out a company’s reputation through the Better Business Bureau.

If You Need Assistance

Vermont families can contact their local health office with questions about formula and for breastfeeding support.

Vermont WIC Families

Vermont WIC families and others can contact their local health office with any questions and to talk about substitutions. Those using a WIC EBT card to purchase formula can check this list of WIC-approved grocery stores.     

Finding Formula

The grocers in the below list carry infant formula. If they or your usual stores do not have the formula you want in stock, check with their Customer Service desk.

List of Grocers

Walmart has added information on their website to find formula through their stores at Walmart Baby Formula Availability.

If You Need a Specialty Formula

Abbott Nutrition has a hotline number for families that need specialty formula. For information and orders, call 1-800-881-0876.

Imported Formula

Additional formula from overseas has been arriving in the United States. Check out the KendamilBubsBellamy's OrganicAptamil, and Care A2+ websites, as well as the FDA Resources page for more information on some of these options. These products may not be available in all stores.

See FDA's Tips for Preparing Imported Infant Formula and AAP's Helpful Facts About Imported Baby Formula.


The Health Department supports families who choose to breastfeed, encourages exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, and continued breastfeeding for at least the first year of life. If you are expecting a baby in the coming months and are considering breastfeeding, you can find information and online resources to support your breastfeeding success. For people interested in donating their breastmilk, the Vermont Donor Milk Center, Inc. is a milk depot as well as dispensing site. They accept milk from screened donors, store it in freezers, and ship it to the milk bank out of state for processing.

Additional Resources
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Finding Formula During the Infant Formula Shortage (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)
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USDA Infant Formula Safety
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Vermont Department of Health May 18, 2022 Press Release
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Vermont Donor Milk Center