Fight the Bite: Take Precautions Against Mosquito-borne Illness

EEE/West Nile Virus Information Line Starts Today: 800-913-1139

Vermont Department of Health

   News Release: June 20, 2013


Vermont Department of Health

BURLINGTON – Mosquitoes can be more than a nuisance – not only do they take your blood and make you itch, they can also spread viral diseases such as West Nile virus and Eastern equine encephalitis.
As the coming warm weather brings out the insects, the Health Department encourages Vermonters to enjoy outdoor activities while taking simple precautions to avoid bites.
Human illness caused by mosquitoes is uncommon in the state, but in 2012, two people died from Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), and three people were diagnosed with West Nile virus (WNV).

No Matter Where You Live – Enjoy the Outdoors, but Fight the Bite!

Symptoms of WNV and EEE
Most people who are infected with WNV will not become ill, and this may be true for EEE as well. Those who become ill with either WNV or EEE will have flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, fatigue, joint and body aches. Symptoms typically last one or two weeks, and recovery can be complete. However, both viruses have the potential to invade the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and cause more serious illness. Symptoms of severe disease include fever, intense headache, weakness, poor coordination, irritability, drowsiness and mental status changes. About one-third of people who develop severe EEE disease will die, and many who recover are left with disabilities. Fortunately, severe EEE is rare.

EEE/WNV Information Line Starts June 20
The Health Department is offering a WNV/EEE information line to answer questions from the public. The phone line – 800-913-1139 – will be operational from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday.

For more information on West Nile Virus and EEE and to find out the latest surveillance information, visit the Vermont Department of Health’s website at

For more information about mosquitoes, visit the Vermont Agency of Agriculture website.

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